Alzheimer’s Awareness Month: It’s PersonalHealth Hub
Most of us know someone affected by Alzheimer’s disease. More than 6 million people live with the disease, a figure that the Alzheimer’s Association expects to more than double by 2050.
Alzheimer’s Awareness Month shines a spotlight on the disease and how understanding it can improve the quality of life for people previously undiagnosed with Alzheimer’s or other memory disorders.
What is Alzheimer’s disease?
Dr. Michael Shain, a neuropsychologist with Lee Physician Group in its Memory Care Program, says Alzheimer's disease is a type of dementia that involves memory loss symptoms and cognitive decline significant enough to interfere with daily life.
“Alzheimer’s disease isn’t a normal part of aging,” Dr. Shain says. “However, age is the biggest risk factor for Alzheimer’s and mainly affects people over 65. A person’s risk of developing the disease doubles about every five years.”
Dr. Shain says that one in six people over 80 have dementia, and many of them have Alzheimer’s.
“Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias typically start with short-term memory loss,” Dr. Shain says. “Early symptoms are warning signs of a potential problem, such as increased forgetfulness of recent events or recent difficulty managing daily tasks.
“Oftentimes, others may notice a person having memory problems, but that person may not notice it themselves.”
Warning Signs and Symptoms of Alzheimer’s
In addition to memory problems, someone with Alzheimer’s disease may experience one or more of the following symptoms:
- Memory loss that disrupts daily life, such as getting lost in a familiar place or repeating questions.
- Trouble handling money and paying bills.
- Difficulty completing familiar tasks at home, work or leisure.
- Decreased or poor judgment.
- Misplacing things and being unable to retrace steps to find them.
- Changes in mood, personality, or behavior.
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Dr. Shain stresses that these symptoms don’t necessarily mean someone has Alzheimer’s disease.
“When assessing memory loss, it’s important to have a complete evaluation to rule out any treatable conditions,” he says. “A variety of manageable conditions—including stroke, vascular disease, toxins, nutritional deficiencies, infections and depression—can affect memory and cognition.”
Early Diagnosis: Stay Proactive
A thorough evaluation by the Memory Care team of specialists—which includes geriatric providers and a neuropsychologist—can determine if dementia is a factor in behavioral issues.
Dr. Shain says Alzheimer’s disease slowly worsens over time, so early diagnosis is essential.
“We interact with patients very early in the disease progression, when impairment is typically mild,” he says. “Working together with a patient’s family doctor, our program ensures proper diagnosis and provides evaluations, treatment and family counseling.”
“Presently, there’s no cure for the disease. But there are medicines available to treat Alzheimer’s, along with coping strategies to manage behavioral symptoms. Most medicines work best for people in the early or middle stages of the disease.”
To schedule a consultation or make an appointment with Lee Health Memory Care, call 239-343-9220.