Labor Day Safety: Driving, Swimming, Boating and MoreHealth Hub
Author name: Lee Health
Labor Day weekend means family time, togetherness, lots of food – and driving, swimming, and other activities. Here are a few things to remember so you and your family can stay safe this weekend.
For many of us, this is the last weekend of summer, which means the roads will be packed – perhaps you are driving to the beach, a spot in the great outdoors, or even to grandma’s house. No matter where you are driving, keep these tips in mind:
- Be well rested and alert. Pull over to clear your head and even take a nap if you have to.
- Use your seat belts, observe speed limits and follow the rules of the road.
- Clean your headlights and turn them on as dusk approaches or in bad weather.
- Don’t drink and drive. Always have a designated driver available.
- Don’t answer that text when you drive.
- Be careful in work zones and construction on the highway.
- Check your tire pressure and coolant before you travel.
Going Outdoors: Heat and Dehydration
So you are going to spend some time at the beach? Maybe a little hike or even a nice extended walk or jog?
- Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids. The sun works fast and has no mercy. Avoid drinks with caffeine or alcohol. Encourage guests and family members to drink lots of water at gatherings. Remember that UV rays bounce off sand, concrete, and water.
- Sunscreen, sunscreen, and more sunscreen – for all members of the family especially infants and children and the elderly. Apply and reapply often. Use at least a 30 SPF to protect your skin.
- Sensitive to sunburn? Wear a hat and try to stay in the shade.
- Remember: If your urine is yellow or dark yellow, you are likely dehydrated and need to drink more water.
- Wear loose-fitting, lightweight, light-colored clothing. Avoid dark colors because they absorb the sun’s rays.
- Slow down, stay indoors and avoid strenuous exercise during the hottest part of the day.
- Postpone outdoor games and activities.
Lightning is a fact of life here in Southwest Florida. But don’t get complacent:
- Hear thunder? Time to move. It’s that simple.
- Most people are struck by lightning before it starts raining or after it stops raining. Don’t stay outside just because the rain hasn’t come down yet. When it roars, go indoors.
- Find a safe, enclosed shelter such as a home, office, shopping center, or a hard-top vehicle with the windows rolled up.
- Caught in the open? Get away from open areas such as beaches.
- Never lie flat on the ground. Crouch down in a ball-like position with your head tucked and hands over your ears so that you are down low with minimal contact with the ground.
- Never shelter under an isolated tree.
- Immediately get out of pools and away from ponds, lakes, and other bodies of water.
- Remember the 30-30 RULE: Count the seconds between seeing lightning and hearing thunder. If this time is less than 30 seconds, lightning is still a potential threat. Seek shelter.
- Never swim alone. Watch kids when they are in or around water, without being distracted. Keep young children within arm’s reach of an adult. Make sure older children swim with a partner.
- If you plan to swim in the ocean, a lake or river, be aware that swimming in these environments is different than swimming in a pool. Be sure you have the skills for these environments.
- Swim only at a beach with a lifeguard, within the designated swimming area. Obey all instructions and orders from lifeguards and ask them about local conditions.
- Make sure you swim sober and that you always swim with a buddy. Know your limitations and make sure you have enough energy to swim back to shore.
- Protect your neck – don’t dive headfirst. Walk carefully into open waters. Watch out for and avoid aquatic life. Water plants and animals may be dangerous.
- If you are caught in a rip current, try not to panic. Signal to those on shore that you need assistance. Swim parallel to the shore until you are out of the current. Once you are free, swim toward shore. If you can't swim to the shore, float or tread water until you are free of the rip current and then head toward shore.
- Always have your children wear a life jacket approved by the U. S. Coast Guard while on boats, around open bodies of water or when participating in water sports. It is highly recommended when on docks as well.
- Make sure the life jacket fits snugly. Have kids make a “touchdown” signal by raising both arms straight up; if the life jacket hits a child’s chin or wars, it may be too big or the straps may be too loose.
- Infants and young kids are at a higher risk for hypothermia, so if you are taking a baby on a boat, just take a few extra precautions to keep your baby warm. If the children seem cold or are shivering, wrap them tightly in a dry blanket or towel.
- Explain some basic rules and have everyone follow them. Children need to understand and follow rules such as keeping their hands and feet inside the boat at all times and not running on a boat.
- Position the grill so that it’s in a well-ventilated area and away from trees, bushes, the house, and anything else that can catch fire.
- Have a fire extinguisher ready to extinguish grilling lames if they get out of control.
- Never leave your grill unattended.
- Wash your hands before and after you touch raw meat.
- Dry your hands on paper towels instead of cloth towels, and discard immediately.
- Refrigerate meat that’s waiting to hit the grill.
- Never leave food that requires refrigeration (think potato salad, coleslaw, or chicken salad) out in the sun.
- Set items that need chilled on top of a pan filled with ice, and serve from a shaded area.