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Research Tools

What is EBM? - definitions and elements of Evidence-Based Medicine

PubMed and the Evidence-Based Universe - a presentation by Holly Ann Burt, Outreach and Exhibits Coordinator, NN/LM GMR and Cleo Pappas, Assistant Information Services Librarian and Associate Professor, UIC LHS. (2013)

After reading and assimilating this program, you will be better able to:

  • Define evidence-based research
  • Identify process steps
  • Recognize types of studies and understand how they relate to levels of evidence
  • Formulate literature search to find such evidence
  • Critically appraise a study
  • Know where to go for additional information

Types of Research Designs - definitions or short descriptions (Orriola, J. 2014)

Strength of Evidence Pyramids - shortcut to graphic presentation of levels of evidence of resources

Identifying the Best Study - Identifying the best type of study to answer a given type of question (Orriola, J. 2014)

Literature Search form - a strategy form for evidence-based search employing PICO questions

Boolean Searching - using AND, OR, NOT in a search statement

Medical Subject Headings (MESH), Qualifiers/Limits - use to search PubMed for evidence-based material

Clinical Queries (PubMed) - ready-to-use search strategies:

  • Clinical Study categories use built-in filters that limit retrieval to articles reporting research conducted with specific methodologies, including those that report applied clinical research.
  • Systematic Reviews cover a broad set of articles that build consensus on biomedical topics
  • Medical Genetics find citations related to topics in medical genetics

Comparative Effectiveness Research   - is the conduct and synthesis of research comparing the benefits and harms of different interventions and strategies to prevent, diagnose, treat and monitor health conditions in "real world" settings. The purpose of this research is to improve health outcomes by developing and disseminating evidence-based information to patients, clinicians, and other decision-makers, responding to their expressed needs, about which interventions are most effective for which patients under specific circumstances. The purpose of the search strategies presented here is to help inform discussions on or relating to comparative effectiveness by providing retrieval of a full-range of studies on the efficacy-effectiveness in the "real world" continuum.

PubMed and other Databases - conduct your search here

  • Critical Appraisal of Randomized Trial, webinar presented by Brian Alper, MD, MSPH, FAAFP, Founder of DynaMed, Vice President of Evidence-Based Medicine Research and Development, Quality and Standards.
  • Critical Appraisal: Notes and Checklists - tools developed by the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network, Healthcare Improvement Scotland, SIGN, to help researches appraise the validity of various types of studies.
  • Words of caution:  limitations of EBM
  • APA Style - free tutorials on basics of APA style based on the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. It shows users how to structure and format their work, recommends ways to reduce bias in language, identifies how to avoid charges of plagiarism, shows how to cite references in text, and provides selected reference examples. (2014 American Psychological Association)

Citing Medicine: the NLM Style guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers - guidance for citing twenty-six types of published and unpublished material, ranging from print books and journal articles to blogs and wikis according to the National Library of Medicine's (NLM) rules.

Cochrane Methodology Register database - bibliography of publications which report on methods used in the conduct of controlled trials contains studies of methods used in reviews and more general methodological studies which could be relevant to anyone preparing systematic reviews (available on IntraLee website or through Athens login)

Copyright tools and documents

Useful E-books: (some available only on IntraLee website or through Athens login - search E-Journals & E-Books Catalog)

Visit Research Tools page on IntraLee to access The Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice (JHNEBP) Model and Guidelines and other full-text books. journals, and additional research resources.

To schedule a one-on-one literature searching training, call a medical librarian:

Library phone and fax numbers