Ovarian Cancer Treatment in Fort Myers, FL
Ovarian cancer is the growth of cancer cells that develops in the ovaries. The cells are capable of invading healthy body tissue and multiplying rapidly. There are two ovaries in the female reproductive system, one on either side of the uterus. Surgery and chemotherapy are typically used in the treatment of ovarian cancer. There are a number of factors that make a woman more likely to get ovarian cancer. These consist of:
- Age 50+
- Having ovarian cancer in one's family
- Being obese or overweight
- Possessing inherited BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutations
- Never having children
The Lee Health Regional Cancer Center can provide individualized treatment plans, advanced technology, and support for the cancer journey.
What Are Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer?
Ovarian cancer symptoms can sometimes be difficult to identify since they are easily attributed to other, noncancerous causes. The symptoms don't always become apparent until the cancer has progressed to an advanced stage. Examples of some of these signs are as follows:
- Unaccounted-for Weight loss
- Bloating or swelling in the abdomen
- Pelvic pain
- Menstrual cycle changes
- Frequent urinating
Although having one or more of these symptoms does not always mean you have ovarian cancer, it is a good idea to speak with your doctor if they appear suddenly, last more than two weeks, or make you feel uneasy in any way.
How is Ovarian Cancer Diagnosed?
A gynecologic oncologist or a cancer specialist will check for ovarian cancer by performing a pelvic exam to feel for lumps or changes in and around the ovaries. After the pelvic exam is completed the next way to screen for ovarian cancer is to perform a transvaginal ultrasound and a blood test.
What Treatment Therapies Are Available for an Ovarian Cancer Diagnosis?
Every patient with ovarian cancer is given a custom treatment plan that takes into account her individual preferences and requirements. Any combination of different choices may be used as part of the treatment, including:
- Radiation Therapy
- Hormone Therapy
- Targeted Therapy
The Difference Between Ovarian Cancer and an Ovarian Cyst
An ovarian cyst has a sac-like form and a liquid or semisolid substance inside. As a result of the menstrual cycle, many cysts form and then spontaneously vanish without creating any symptoms. Although it is uncommon, several forms of ovarian cysts have the potential to develop into cancer. Both of these growths originate in the ovaries, yet they differ significantly in terms of their causes, underlying structure, and available treatments.
Sometimes a cyst might enlarge or press up against a surrounding structure, leading to symptoms like:
- Sexual discomfort
- Frequent urinating
- Irregular menstruation cycles
- Abdominal pressure and bloating
- Lower abdominal pain
- Pelvic pain that can come and go or
- Pain during menstruating
Ovarian cysts can rupture and cause abrupt, severe pain, though this is unusual. The most likely time for a cyst to rupture is right after physical exercise or activity.